Catania is one of the most beautiful cities in Italy, is located in the east coast of Sicily, wet by Ionian sea. It was founded in the 8th century BC by Chalcidians. In 1434, the first university in Sicily was founded in the city. Historical traces of several dominations, especially the Romans one, are visible in the city. In the 14th century and into the Renaissance period, Catania was one of Italy's most important cultural, artistic and political centres.
The city is noted for its old history, its rich culture, its amazing art traditions and its good and various gastronomy. Moreover the architecture of the city plays an important role for the notoriety of Catania (the buildings are characterized by the use of the volcano’s stones, a very unique technique of construction). Its old town, besides being one of the biggest examples of baroque architecture in Italy, is a World Heritage Site, protected by UNESCO.
The city and the area nearby has several beaches worthy to be seen and experienced. The city is also rich in folk traditions, including the famous feast dedicated to Sant’Agata, the saint to whom the cathedral is dedicated. Catania has been a native or adoptive homeland of some of Italy's most famous artists known all over the world, including composers like Vincenzo Bellini (whom is dedicated a Theater a Museum and a Music University), important composer and musician in the 1800’s musical landscape and a musical symbol of Catania, and Giovanni Pacini master of melody and prolific opera composer; and writers like Giovanni Verga, Luigi Capuana, Federico De Roberto and Nino Martoglio.